the beginning of 20th century almost covered the summit of the mountain. Global warming has been blamed for the glacial recession on Kilimanjaro.

Given the current rate of disintegra
tion, the glaciers on Kilimanjaro 19,340-foot (5,895-meter) may completely disappear within a few decades.

Kilimanjaro lies about 220 miles (350 kilometers) south of the Equator

Between 1912 and 1989, the extent of ice cover on the highest massif in Africa decreased by 82%

Over the next 11 years (1989-2000) nearly one quarter of the remaining ice area was lost.

Kilimanjaro 1993 -2000

South Africa, rated as Africa's largest emitter of harmful greenhouse gases, with the International Energy Agency saying it released 318 million tonnes of carbon dioxide -- the major greenhouse gas -- in 2003.

South Africa says it is committed to the fight against global warming but the government's desire to ramp up economic growth has at times clashed with its environmental ideals.

The average African is generating 13 times less in harmful emissions

than the average North American